Vital Properties of the Microsystems. Thermal Membranes and Quantum Detoxification
C, H, O, N, P, Na
The most abundant chemical elements in proteins are C and H ( representing 80% from total number of atoms ), the next two being O and N (19%). These four constituents of the living matter account for at least 95% from its mass. Which are the criteria that directed this evident natural selection exerted on atomic level? How did these microsystems proven more competitive than others? It can be asserted that the highly organized state (very low entropy) which characterizes biopolymers should have its main explanation at elementary level. From the series of elements with the lowest caloric capacities ( Andrew A. COCHRAN ), from which I show just the first ten, it can be observed that our interesting systems occupy a very significant position:
C, H, B, N, Be, Si, O, F, P, S
To mention that from all chemical elements which are solid at 25 0 C, and tightly correlated with the caloric capacity, the carbon has the lowest entropy. The caloric capacity can be defined as the instantaneous amount of thermal disorder added to ( or extracted from ) the system, entropy itself being the total measure of thermal disorder accumulated by the system between O 0 K and T 0 K. For instance, from an entropic viewpoint, carbon is clearly more advantageous than silicon for generating some highly ordered and highly functional structures, the entropy of solid silicon being = 4.51 cal / 0 C / gram atom, being almost eight times higher than carbon’s entropy ( diamond’s entropy = 0.585 ). The fact that a material system (atomic, molecular) owns a low caloric capacity has a crucial significance for its evolutive destiny, since for this system the quantum exchange of energy with its environment is a lot less frequent than in the case of systems with high caloric capacities, which allows all biopolymers to keep their high degree of order and organization / information unaltered by the environmental thermal disorder. The explanation of the very low caloric capacity of the proteins has to be looked for at the elementary level ( atoms and inter-atomic bonds ), its formulation being given in the following terms: oscillatory energy E of the atom into a molecule is approximately given by (1):
E = (n + ½) h√0 (1)
√0 = ½ Π . √K/m (2)
In (2) m represents the atomic mass and K is the ratio between force that produces the displacement and displacement itself of atom within molecule, K being proportional with the strength of the inter-atomic bond. When frequency is reduced, the quantum energy involved in energy exchange is also reduced. In the protein structure there are concomitantly involved atoms with very low atomic mass and very strong inter-atomic bonds, which determines very high values for √0, viz. high energy quanta. Since the environment itself is a co-evolutive ( tuned ! ) entity, it cannot regularly provide photons of such high energy, it results that just a small fraction of atoms absorb and emit quanta within a given time frame. This is the quantum reason of the fact that proteins ( biopolymers in general ) possess a very low caloric capacity / entropy, at regular ambient temperatures; this highly protective property, I have designated years ago by the term “ thermal membrane ”. To notice that a low caloric capacity of a material system means concomitantly:
- only a reduced fraction of the constitutive atoms participates at quantum exchange with their environment ( which highlights the predominance of the particle character of these atoms ) and
- a large fraction of atoms manifest predominance of wavy/ coherent properties.
The wavy properties that are clearly predominant for any substance at O0 K, are typical at usual, terrestrial temperatures for all biopolymers and living matter. It can be concluded that the series of elements above mentioned concomitantly represents ( this time in descending order ) the series of elements with the highest wavy nature. Based on the above data I have correlated wavy character / coherence / life, on one side and particle character / decoherence / disease (death) on the other side, this way introducing the concept of quantum detoxification, essential to maintain / restore the living systems to optimum rapport between coherence / decoherence. As previously shown ( see section “ Consciousness in Broad Sense ” ), the metabolism, sleep, meditation, etc represent the most efficient means of quantum detoxification available to the human organism.